|This page is part of the ongoing|
|Encyclopaedic Meaning project|
|Ideas from cognitive grammar|
|Scope of predication|
|Mental space theory|
|Windowing of attention|
The basic idea is that one cannot understand the meaning of a single word without access to all the essential knowledge that relates to that word. For example, one would not be able to understand the word sell without knowing anything about the situation of COMMERCIAL TRANSACTION, which also involves, among other things, a SELLER, a BUYER, GOODS, MONEY, the relation between the MONEY and the GOODS, the relations between the SELLER and the GOODS and the MONEY, the relation between the BUYER and the GOODS and the money and so on.
Words not only highlight individual concepts, but also specify a certain perspective in which the frame is viewed. For example "sell" views the situation from the perspective of the seller and "buy" from the perspective of the buyer. This, according to Fillmore, explains the observed asymmetries in many lexical relations.
While originally only being applied to lexemes, frame semantics has now been expanded to grammatical constructions and other larger and more complex linguistic units and has more or less been integrated into construction grammar as the main semantic principle.
- Fillmore, Charles J. (1977). "Scenes-and-frames semantics". In A. Zampolli, ed. Linguistic Structures Processing. Amsterdam: North-Holland. 55-81.
- Fillmore, Charles J. (1982). "Frame semantics". In The Linguistic Society of Korea, eds. Linguistics in the Morning Calm. Seoul: Hanshin. 111-37.